Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation on Desert Rose

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Scientific term : Adenium obesum
English name : Desert rose
Faculty Pieh :
Apocynaceae

The Desert rose (Shar Mo Mei Qway) is part of the Apocynaceae family, mostly as trees, bansai, and shrubs. They are also in names of Tian Bow Fa, Aye Shi Chi Don Fa, or Fu Qway Fa, originated from East Africa's dry and desert areas. Due to it's flower bloom is very extraodinary, and the coloring of the flower has colors like the red rose, it is called "Desert Rose."

The desert rose blooms between April through October. It has 5 petals and blooms like a funnel. It cotains colors of dark red, light red, pure white etc. with the pistils and stamens hidden inside the throat; seeds are shaped like bull horns with soft fur on each end of the seed, and when harvest time is around, you can have seeds flying all over the place. The origin of this flower is from East Africa where it is desert like, and because of it's romatic and passionate coloring like the Rose, it is named as "Desert Rose."

The Desert Rose started out living in desert areas, where the temperature is usually very hot and dry. In order of the Desert Rose to survive in the harsh weather conditions, within the stems are many tissues which can store water. So with enough sunlight the Desert Rose will bloom. Therefore, sunlight, the right amount of water and keeping the plant dry are very important. And before you water, the soil of the plat must be dry.

Cultivation Importances

[Carrier]: Anything that can help water pass through swiftly, or else it will start to rot from the roots.

[Temperature]: Best in 20~35 Celcius. Taiwan's climate is a very decent place to grow adeniums, but because the adenium itself wasn't from cold climates, during winter time it has a slower groth rate. If the climate is lower than 12 Celcius, proceedures in keeping plants warm is very crutial. Meaning plants may need to be stored indoors or else the plants will go into a winter recess. To prevent leafs from falling off, due to colder climate, spray a bit of Magnesium on the plant to help fight the cold off.

[Sunshine]: The Desert Rose likes to be in dry places, along with enough sunlight. Therefore, it is best to grow them outdoors. But if you plant indoors, the stem will be thin, the leafs will breed yello, and will not bloom.

[Watering]: During the Spring, Autum and Winter seasons, water every other day or two days. During the Summer season, water every day or every other day.

[Fertilisation]: Remember to use Elements of N, P, and K for fertilizing. N is good for growing of the stems. P will help make the stems stronger to grow seeds. K will help to grow flowers. Now that you understand how the elements help, you will have no problems purchasing fertilizers. Last but not least, spray a bit of Mg to help the coloring of the flower and fight cold climates.

[Propagation]: Inseminate

[Blooming season]: Spring, Summer, Autum.

[Pest]: Pseudococcidae, aphids and spider mites are the mostly occured pests. Usually pests are not really the thing to worry about. But root rotting, if occur, you may need to cut off the part of the root and soak with detergent to avoid further damage to the roots. After repotting the plant back, water with detergent 2~3 times each week.

[Poissanous parts]: The white fluid is very poissanous. If dogs or children accidently eats a leaf or white liquid, heart rates will increase, heart beats will been in disorder causing heart attacks. P.S. the taste of the white fluid is very bitter, anyone who tries once will not intend to try it again.

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Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation on Desert Rose 1 .........

The Quality of Cultivation

Coarse Black Sand or Coarse Yellow Sand, Carbonized rice hull, and artificial Soil (small waste cotton). The ratio should be 6:3:1

How to Sprinkle Your Plants:

During the Spring and Fall seasons, it is better to water your plants in the morning when the sun starts to rise. In the Summer it would be best to water your plants just before sunset.  Winter it would be best to water when temperature during the day gets up to 20C, which may be 10:30 am.

The Importance of Fertilizer:

Start applying fertilizer in the last ten days of March, as well as, the last ten days of August are very important point to applying fertilizer. Both period of time when apply fertilizer, the fertilizer must be stress on (P), whereas on the other months you can just annex the fertilizer with (K), because the quality of sand fertilizer wears off quickly, so it is better to use organism grain and the liquid chemical fertilizer. 

When to Change the Pot:

Encouraging seedlings to produce more flowers and make corpulent caudex.

 In Taiwan, the seedlings for bloom in May, it is good time to change the basin from June to August.
Then the adeniums will bloom in October again.

If you really not care the blooming, you just want to change the pot and let seedlings grow bigger.
You can change the pot from March to October, but, maybe the seedlings will bloom less.

Experience on inseminate:

For lucrative people, to inseminate is in March the best. For household gardening inseminate from March to October would do fine.


Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation on Desert Rose 2.........

The traditional way of cultivating the Desert Rose is not by flooding it with water. But with the usage of cow muck or chicken muck with grains for most parts. The advantage of cultivation is the quality of cultivation is inexpensive, do not try to grow it during a raining season, the ventilation needs to be good, so the plants are not putrescent and obituary easily. The disadvantages, however, are storing water within the plant will not be easy, and will effect the opportunity for the plants to grow, the plant dies easily during the raining season, as the plant gets bigger it is less able to transport. However the chicken muck can attract insects. And other disadvantages such as increase of water costs, electricity costs and pesticides.

Skillful Hand Garden, the experience of cultivation of Desert Rose 3.........

The new improve kind of my Desert Rose won¡¦t be afraid of water than of those the traditional ones, plus with  the help in order to produce better qualities are Carbonization rice hull, artificial soil <small waste cotton>, and the coarse sand, The advantages for my new improved kind is that you don¡¦t need to  water too often, it is lighter, and the Carbonization rice hull benefit to the growth of root, itself is already a potassium and can absorb the nitrogen fertilizer. The artificial soil can cause the sand quality to not compress that easily, can provide ventilation space as well, also store water and fertilizer. Plus the usage of artificial organism, liquid chemical fertilizer, can decrease damages caused by insects, this way it increases the plant to grow faster and better. The disadvantages, however, is the cost for the quality and artificial organism to increase.

The point explication of mate:

If you wish to produce successful seeds, the flower itself needs a strong profile. Then when you first discovers there are seeds popping out, within a week be sure to spray fertilizers every day so that seeds want die on the process of growth.

Choose those of the dominate genes of the flowers you wish to pollinate. And of course, you need to know the origins of the flowers you pollinate with. For example: the Asian Star is the third generation of the White Flower.


One of the key events on how to produce good offspring are:  

    1. When the flower blooms, you would need to pollinate it within 2~4 days.

    2. Try your best not to let any water flow through into the pistil.

    3. Then pick a pollinia that is more mature than those that are not.


Ex. A mature pollinia will be like a flower that is full bloom.
Whereas an immature pollinia the flower will be like twisted around and bundled up. Keep on trying and be sure to take notes.

Despise the differences of breeds. Pollination can take up to 10~30days, and 90~180days to have a full bloom. What I use to pollinate is a NT$10 paintbrush (US$ 20 cents), and if the brush has too much hair, I usually cut off some.

Do keep in mind. Some people may be only concerned of getting the seeds off the current flowers they harvest. But to produce something more extraordinary from the flowers we have. Which is what I intend to do.

 Welcoming to Taiwan to visit desert rose

Let me introduce myself again. My name is CHI-LUNG KO, Taiwan cans say the person of the an English-person language a lot. When you arrive at my garden, I can use translation software to help me translate English. I want to suggestion you, as if go to Thailand the same, employ a guide in the Taiwan?
So, you can have more time to go shopping for the plants you like!

Kaohsiung International Airport in Taiwan is near to my garden. It is about an hour drive from there. Hotel is very convenient in Taiwan, so you may book a hotel near Tainan City. Tainan City is near my garden, which is about half an hour drive.

In the Taiwanese market today, we are in shortage of good Desert Rose. The price of Desert Rose is rising 20% this year. (The cause is that Desert Rose export to Mainland China a lot within the two years) Lately, there are many new pretty kinds of flowers produced in Taiwan. The new kinds that are not available in Taiwan is about 3 to 6 kinds. New kinds of Desert Rose are different in price. (about  grafted of young plants on quality) Grafted plants have many kinds, so there is a difference in price. It's because there many kinds of young breeds  and different heights of grafted, so the prices are different.  

If you always order a lot, then you may understand why grafted plants are not that predictable, you may not always get what you want. It is not a machine. We can only make sure one thing that is we don't sell a smaller scale than of the customer's request. If you always order only a few, then you must clearly state your scales. Then we can do our best on satisfying your need of the Desert Rose. If you want to order my seeds of Desert Rose or young plants that is grafted, then you can follow the procedures below.


About Seeds: Picture of Sowing Experiences

I use hand pollinate, so it has low possibility (20%-30%) to grow into pink adenium. Most of them have characters of their parents. The Single-petal with red, white and white with red border are more stable. Although seed is not guaranteed to look exactly like their parents, some will look exactly like their parents, while others may have only certain characteristics in common with their parents. This is the reason that new varieties are created. It also needs time and luck to produce the new varietiess which are better than their parents.

Basic Adenium Obesum seeds: These are sold in packets of 15 seeds each package with a minimum selling quantity. Seeds are normally sent by registered airmail and a free quarantine certificate and a tax-avoiding invoice are available. We select fresh seeds that harvested recently to mail and guarantee a minimum of 75% germination rate(usually more); however, during sowing process, germination conditions, climates, planting materials, watering way and personal factors from seeders are out of our control, these may cause decrease germination rate. Usually we will provide sowing instructions to our customers while they gave feedback about arrived seed parcel, We have never had any big problems so far If the customers follow or reference the sowing instructions that we have provided, If you would like to purchase in large qty (such as 100,000 seeds at one-time mail ), it is better that you have import licence. (if you couldn't apply the import license, we may separate the order into five shipments each 20,000 seeds), If you only would like to purchase in small qty, we will apply for the quarantine certificate for your order. We have many experiences in delivering parcel to Worldwide, so you don't need to give us any documents. Please let us know the varieties and quantities after you selected by refering to our price lists, we will send you the quote including seeds cost, shipping fee as soon as possible after receiving your order. The buyers need to provide the mailing information: mailing address, consignee and phone number in English. (Please subjoin your phone number behind your address, because it will help the postman contact with you if you are not home.)

2018 The Successful Artificial Pollination....

1.Pink: It reaches 85% for pink seeds to bear pink flowers.
2.White: It reaches 95% for white seeds to bear white flowers.
3.Red: It reaches 95% for red flowers seeds to bear red flowers.
4.Stripe Lined: It reaches 70% for stripe-lined seeds to bear striped-lined flowers.
5.Dark Purple: It reaches 10% for dark purple seeds to bear dark purple flowers.
6.Light Purple: It reaches 30% for light purple seeds to bear light purple flowers.
7.Peach: It reaches 70% for peach seeds to bear peach flowers
8.Red Lining Adenium with Five Petals: It reaches 20% for red lining Adenium with five petals flowers seeds to bear red lining adenium with five petals flowers.
9.Yellow: It reaches 20% for yellow seeds to bear yellow flowers

10.White petal with red curving: It reaches 95% for white petal with red curving seeds to bear white petal with red curving.
11.White Arabicum: It's very a rare variety. According to our experiences, the offsprings of Arabicum only have about thousandth of percentage could grow into the purely white Arabicum. Most of it might be grow into pink color or some of them they might grow into white with red edge or red. Weˇ¦ve tried many ways to improve this issue and hope itˇ¦ll successful blooming the pure white flower sooner.
12. Variegated Leaves White: Basically, variegated leaves is mutant varieties. So far we still can not make sure how many percentage chance that it will grow into exactly like Variegated Leaves. We've been working on developed the better offspring of Variegated Leaves for a long time, but it still need luck to make it grow exactly like its mother plant. So before you order the Variegated Leaves please make sure that you have read this information.
13. New Double and triple layer Adenium: It reaches 25~50% for Double and triple layer seeds to bear Double and triple layer flowers.

Our seeds are dry and in complete dormancy to prevent from wetness in transit in case they are ruined by mildew.
When the customers receive the seeds, we suggest them must soak seeds in the water for 2-4 hours before sowing in order to increase the germination rate.
After sowing, keep the soil wet for 10 days until the sprouts appear.
Please take care of the temperature, which will affect the germination rate directly. The suitable temperature is between 22-35 Celsius degree
Before you prepare sowing, you may notice the forecast of the weather within sowing, if the following 7days will be rainy and cloudy, it will affect the germination rate.
So please make sure that it would be better that the weather should be sunny continuously within sowing.
Here are the recommend links of planting instructions for your reference.

https://www.adenium.com.tw/adeniumseeds/Seed%20Sowing.htm

https://www.adenium.com.tw/cultivation_expeirence_english.htm

https://www.adenium.com.tw/adeniumseeds/propagation.htm

If you have any questions during planting Adeniums, please don't hesitate to contact us.
Thanks again and have a wonderful day.

Happy Sowing.

Please refer to our below explanation of how to use fertilizer is based on temperature condition between 22-35 Celsius degree.
Under this temperature condition, we divide plants growth stage into four to explain.

The first stage (sowing to one month old seedlings),
we do not suggest to use any fertilizer in the media at this period.
because the plants will grow fast at this stage.
During this period, we will use liquid fertilizer and spray once or twice a week.
Please use high N and low P and K liquid fertilizer, such as N20-P15-K15 and plant in the 1 inch pot tray.

The second stage (one month to two months old seedlings),
we will still suggest to use liquid fertilizer at this period.
But the N:P:K ratios in fertilizer should be changed to the same level,
such as N20-P20-K20 and spray once or twice a week.

The third stage (after two months old seedlings),
we prepare to transplant seedlings to a bigger pot(3 inch pot).
When transplanting the seedlings,
we will add slow release chemical fertilizer which can maintain for one year into media and stir with media.
Because the plants will grow much faster at this period and the plants need more fertilizer to grow strong.
We will use slow release chemical fertilizer which N:P:K ratios is same, for example N20-P20-K20.
Also, we will spray liquid fertilizer N:P:K ratios in same level to plant leaves
such as N20-P20-K20 once or twice a week,
in order to supplement insufficient part during this fast growing period.
The leaves surface will absorb liquid fertilizer easily.

The forth stage (after four months old seedlings),
during this period, the plants are going to bloom, if the temperature keep between 22-35 Celsius degree.
We will chang liquid fertilizer N:P:K ratios.
We will use liquid fertilizer which have high P,K and low N or even stopping N,
such as N8:P15:K15. And still spray once or twice a week.

If your plants have already grown the (after Six months old seedlings), such as N 0~10:P 15~30:K 15~30.
and you want to see you plants have flowers often.
please use liquid fertilizer which have more P and K and spray once or twice a week to your plants' leaves.
The leaves surface will absorb liquid fertilizer easily.
Please avoid to spray liquid fertilizer under strong sunlight.
The best time is to spray in the morning or in afternoon after sunset.
This will help your plants to bloom quickly.

If the temperature below 20 Celsius degree, please stop to use the fertilizer.
Because the plant will be dormancy in the cold weather.
When the weather become warm, you can fertilize your plants again

Shipping Notice, Please Attention

In order to let every customers receive the parcel safely, we will apply international standard Quarantine Inspection for each order.
(Especially for the customers lives in Australia,  AQIS has very strict regulation for seeds import.)
We apply for Quarantine Inspection once a week (every Wednesday, Taiwan time).

When our weekly auction ends on every Monday(Taiwan time), we'll send the total invoice for customers.
We apply for Quarantine Inspection every Tuesday(Taiwan time).
The Quarantine Inspection will be on every Wednesday (Taiwan time).  And we will send the parcels every Wednesdays(Taiwan time) after getting the Phytosanitary Certificate for each order.

If you want a prompt shipment, please do place the order before every Wednesdays am 10:30 (Taiwan), because that's the deadline for applying quarantine inspection.

Otherwise, we can not catch the deadline for apply quarantine inspection, then we have to keep your order till next week and send it on next week.  Hope you can understand.

We will send the parcels via registered airmail, but we can not control the delivery time because there are many factors to influence the delivery time, such as, weather, Post delivery policy in different countries.

Normally, it takes around 10~24 days to arrive USA, CANADA, OR AUSTRALIA, and 15~45 days to arrive main European countries.

But if you are the first time to purchase our seeds, maybe the delivery time will be delayed some days.  Because your Quarantine Department or Customs inspect the seed parcel strictly, due to they don't have your relative document.

We can not control how long will they hold the seeds for inspection.
But, according to our experiences, if you purchase next time, the procedure will be fluent.

Our seeds are the freshest. The seeds which we sell are harvested recently from our Garden.
The fresh seeds will have a three months storage period. The germination rate will over 90% during this three months.
So the seeds can afford the oversea delivery time and keep fresh.  But after sowing them if you notice the germination rate of those seeds is not well,
please kindly contact us before you leave us a negative feedback, we'll do our best to help you solve the problems.

****The seeds will be shipped in a padded envelope and accepted sent to worldwide by registered mail cost USD$4.
No matter how many seeds you bought, if your total amount is not over USD$50, the shipping fee will only cost USD$4.
And if your total amount is over USD$50, then the shipping fee will be free.

After you place the order, please kindly inform us or wait for us sending the correct total invoice to you.  Otherwise  eBay will add USD$4 shipping fee for each items you ordered.  And if you paid us the extra shipping fee, we'll send the mail asking you whether you want to purchase more seeds or prefer to refund the extra shipping fee.

****Regarding mailing seeds to Brazil. Due to the Brazil Customs doesn't admit the quarantine certificate from Taiwan, though we've tried many ways to solve this problem, but it still didn't work. From now on, the seeds we send to Brazil all will send by Ordinary registered mail, and provide the shipping receipt (tracking number). It might take 14~97 days for delivery to Brazil. So far it's the best way to ship the seeds to Brazil, but it still has some risks. If you purchased over 3000 seeds at one-time buy, then we'll separate your order into two differences parcels (not need to pay extra postage), in order to decrease the risk of stuck at Brazil Custom. Here is the delivery time of delivery to Brazil for your reference,

The parcel delivery system for cities small and distant from large urban centers here in Brazil is a bit more time consuming than usual.
In large urban centers, deliveries take about 15 to 20 days.
In small towns close to large urban centers, it takes about 30 days.
In small towns far from large urban centers, it takes about 45 days.
In particular, the delivery of this request was delayed more than usual due to the large number of holidays that occur in September and November here in Brazil.
In addition, according to the parcels were shipped to Brazil in last November and I noticed that it took long time for wait, it took about three months due to the large number of holidays in November, then Christmas and New year. I found the parcels that were shipped in this January will arrive earlier than ones that were shipping in last November and December,
Therefore, we hope the customers whom live in Brazil, if you have any questions, please do inform us before you purchase the seeds. We'll be really grateful for it.

If you have any further questions, please don't hesitate to contact us anytime.
Thanks for your understanding.

Payment Instructions:

(1) Pay via Paypal (our paypal E-mail account: adenium@adenium.com.tw)
or offer us your paypal account email. We will send the invoice by paypal as soon as possible.

(2) pay via WESTERN UNION.

Beneficiary First name: CHI LUNG
.................. Last name: KO
TEL: 0932818198

My address: No.1-26, 9th Neighborhood,
Xinzhai, Jiali Dist., Tainan City 72256,
Taiwan (R.O.C.) (06)7263999

Could you please offer us the scan of transfer receipt first to us?
So that we can send the seeds as soon as possible after we confirmed.

We need some information after you pay via WESTERN UNION:
1. MTCN :
2. Exact remittance amount:
3. The remitter First name:
.......................Last name:
4. Remittances Country

(3) By Telegraphic Transfer ( T/T ). Please assure that your payment in full amount and the service fee of your bank will not be deducted from the remittance.
So we do not recommend our customer pay through Bank if the order amount is small.
If you want to pay us through Bank, we will charge you another Bank service fee usd25.00

The account information are below:
Account With Bank: YUANTA COMMERCIAL BANK CO., LTD
Bank Address: 3F, No.210, Sec.3, Chengde Rd, Taipei 103, Taiwan R.O.C.
Bank TEL: 886-2-2380-1799
Bank FAX: 886-2-2380-1700
Swift code: APBKTWTH
Account No.: 0297283568811
Beneficiary: Ko Chi Lung
Beneficiary
My address: No.1-26, 9th Neighborhood, Xinzhai, Jiali Dist., Tainan City 72256, Taiwan (R.O.C.) Tel: (06)7263999
Beneficiary Tel: 0932818198

It is not a good idea to send a check to me, because I need to pay the handling charge to the bank or the post office to cash the check and it will also take more than one month for me to get the money. In this way, it might let my customers to wait for long time because I always ship the seed parcels after receiving the payment.

If you have any questions, please feel free to tell us.
We hope we can finish this transaction smoothly.
Thanks again and have a nice day.

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